All About Access Control Systems

Access control is the personalized and selective prevention of entry into a specific place, area or resource. It is most commonly seen in the home on doors and entrances to the house, where the property may be protected by either by a tangible device such as a key or keycard, a personnel identifier such as a fingerprint or an optic scan, or even information known only to specific individuals, like a password or a numeric code. If the authorized codes or devices remain in the hands of only those who should have entry, then the security system can serve to protect and maintain the safety of the property without hassle and with almost no surveillance. Access control can also be used to monitor the ins and outs of individuals accessing a place of interest and/or the valuables inside.

Types of Access Control in the Home

Within the context of the household, access control mostly comes in two forms: a mechanical lock that requires a physical key to access entry to the domicile or an electromechanical lock that involves either a magnetic reader or some other form of card reader to operate the lock.

Mechanical locks have the advantage of being cheaper than most electromechanical options, it has fewer maintenance requirements, and is generally more user friendly. Furthermore, the requirement of a key ensures that individuals do not simply need to memorize a password or code to access the property. On the other hand, most mechanical locks, if not all, are incapable of determining who has been admitted to the goods. It is also true that keys can be stolen and duplicated, and locks can be picked by an unsavory individual.

Electromechanical locks have the benefit of preventing key duplication by requiring access based on esoteric knowledge such as a password, or even a part of the body specific to the individuals who are allowed entry, such as a fingerprint scan. They also have the added advantage of being able to record times and dates of entry of a particular individual. On the other hand, electromechanical systems are expensive to install and maintain. There are also people who are capable of breaking into these structures through networking and other means.

When To Use Access Control in the Home

Access control could be considered too expensive, too complex, and even be viewed by some as being over paranoid if used in the wrong places. It should not be used in places that require everyday access by numerous people. In fact, most access control should be used in moderation. Places with restricted access should be limited to areas with hazards such as the chemical storage within the house, like the medicine cabinet, the cleaning closet, or rooms in which contain important valuables. Entrances may be kept under lock and key, but electronic locks should be refrained from within the household unless the valuables inside are akin to an ATM machine.

Access Control in a Nutshell

When it comes to protecting one’s property or monitoring who enters and exits the estate, access control can be one of the most hassle-free ways of ensuring security. Both mechanical and electromechanical locks can be used to prevent unauthorized entry; it is up to the homeowner to use it in the proper way and in the important locations.

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Access Control – What Is Access Control?

Access control, is a term taken from the linguistic world of security. It means, in general – the execution of constrictions and limitations on whoever tries to invade a certain protected property. These restrictions, or it you’d like – the access control elements, manifest physically in locks, keys, electronic and digital means. Ofcouse, a person guarding an entrance, is also practicing access control.

What are the common most types of access control?

I would take a very obvious guess and suggest that the reader of this article has several types of access control around him or her – let us take a quick survey around them. Starting off with the computer in front you. Large percentage of computer users have an antivirus running on their computer, a firewall, a pop-up blocker and other programs all with access control functions. All of these guard us from intruders of sorts. They inspect everything that sits on the computer or trying to enter it and smartly enough let it in or leave it out. Since computers have sophisticated access control capabilities – they can ask for authentication, look for digital signatures, encryption methods and so much.

Now, if you would leave your comfortable computer chair for a moment and go out the room – you would probably pass through a door. This door much like the windows close to it – is the most popular access control method in any basic home security. Taking it from the basic to the more complicated – take a look at the door’s handle. You have to twist or pull the handle in order to open the door, don’t you? This is access control at it’s very core. Without this handle and it’s inner mechanism, it would be swinging, and won’t stop anyone – not even a domestic kitten. Below the handle, we may find a lock of sorts (most probably a cylinder lock) and a keyhole. This lock will, hopefully stop anyone trying to get through the door – but hasn’t got the key. In the 21st Century we see more and more keypads, or if you’d like keyless entry systems. These will replace one day our ordinary set of keys.

In today’s world, these locks and keys are beginning to look differently. As technology progresses, the locks of today got smarter – they can recognize patterns of your physical features, your voice, fingerprint locks read your fingerprints. Access control has a fascinating ever progressing evolution, it’s a rapidly growing market – and in the near future may manifest it self in ways we cannot even imagine.

Maintaining Good Access Control

Access control is perhaps one of the most important things that you need to ensure is working correctly in your home. What does access control mean? Well it is the regulation of ensuring that no unauthorised persons enter your home, for obvious safety reasons. Access control is imperative in offices, shopping centres and so forth.

One of the best methods of access control is to have excellent security measures around your home. The first step in good control is to have a perimeter fence around your home, and a locked gate. Depending on how dangerous the area you live in, you may have to erect higher fences or put barbed wire or electric fencing on top of your wall. You will also need to be able to lock your gate, so that you can protect your motor vehicle from being stolen. There is a lot available on the market in the ways of security and access control regarding your fences and gates.

Firstly, you can choose what kind of fence you would like to erect. A palisade fence will still give your home full view to other people on the outside of your property. Some people prefer palisade fencing as it helps them to ensure there is no one lurking outside their wall. Other people prefer high brick walls, or prefabricated concrete. Once the fence is erected, there are measures to take to ensure no one can climb over it. Some people choose to put barbed wire on top, although it can be cut, others choose cut glass.

Some thieves will put a heavy blanket on top of the glass to gain access to a property, so all in all electric fences are becoming the more popular method of access control. Electric fences are easily installed, and will need to be done by an electrician who specialises in electric fencing. With regards to the gate, it is possible to automate the gate so that you do not even have to get out of your car to open it! This is also effective for access control as you will be able to let people in and out of your property from inside your home, depending on the specialisations in your particular type of gate automation.

Alarm systems are amongst the most popular choices of access control. Alarms can be set to activate only in certain areas, which make them a good method of ensuring that no one enters an area. Naturally, if you live in a home you will know when the alarm is on and what areas of the house you cannot go into.

Sometimes, security cameras are used for access control. Depending on the size of a property, a camera can be put up so that you can see who is at your gate. In this way you can ensure that there is no funny business going on before you allow someone access to your property. These security cameras are usually linked to the intercom, so that you can speak to whoever you are seeing on the camera.